Thursday, 19 August 2010

Winners of the Nobel Prize


Winners of the Nobel Prize

Mohamed ElBaradei:     Peace, 2005

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Ahmed Zewail:        Chemistry, 1999

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Naguib Mahfouz:         Literature, 1988

 

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Anwar El Sadat:             Peace, 1978

 

 

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Wednesday, 18 August 2010

Egypt national football team



History : Founded: 1921, Affiliated: 1923
Uniform: Jerseys: Red, Shorts:White, Stockings:Black
World Cup Appearances 2: 1934, 1990
 Continental Titles First: CAN (1957, 1959, 1986, 1998, 2006, 2008 and 2010
Best Results Third: FIFA U-20 World Cup Final (2001), FIFA Club World Cup (2006)
Fourth: Olympic Football Tournament Final 1928, 1964








Egypt Champions 2010

video

Confederation Cup 2009

Egypt vs Italy

video

Egypt vs Brazil

video

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Tuesday, 17 August 2010

Videos

 
Temple of Abu symbol
 
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Temple of Karnak

video

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Ancient Egyptians
 
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Monday, 16 August 2010

Egypt Photos


Egypt Photos


Al-Azhar mosque
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Avenue of the Sphinxes

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Columns at Great Hypostle Hall

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Dahab, Egypt

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Giant statues at Abu Simbel

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Ibn Tulun Mosque

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Interior of Mausoleum of Barquq

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Luxor Temple

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Man with camels

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modern Cairo and traffic, Nile River
 
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Morning light flanking Mt Sinai

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Mosque in Port Said, Egypt

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Temple of Karnak

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Sunset over pyramid

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Sunset over Aswan

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sunset over the River Nile

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Pigeon cot

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Temple of Philae

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Osiris statues
 
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Tutankhamun's exquisite death mask

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View of Islamic Cairo

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Men smoking water pipes

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Ancient painting in Si Amun

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Beachgoers and umbrellas

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Blue waters

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Camel ascend Mt Sinai

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Rocky Island, Zabargad, Red Sea

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Domed interior, Coptic Cairo

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Dunes in Great Sand Sea

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Ramses Station

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Lake
 
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Lake Nasser

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Feluccas on Nile River

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Tourist sitting on beach

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Mummies in tomb

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Porto Marina 













     


The Sphinx is one of the best known monuments of Ancient Egyptian Architecture. Unusual to the form of most Egyptian pyramid structures, it stands as a symbol of the strength of the Ancient Necropolis of Giza and as a homage to the strength of the King. The Sphinx was originally commissioned by Kaphre (a son of cheops), and was constructed from bedrock found within the Valley of Giza. The age of the Sphinx has been estimated to be roughly 4,636 years old and it dates from the time of the Four Dynasty. When construction began is not entirely known, the identity of the architect is not known either, though the alignment of the Sphinx with the Pyramid of Kaphre suggests a political affiliation.
Another unique feature of the Sphinx is the presence of paint residue which suggests that at one time the Sphinx was painted, in which case the head piece probably resembled the colorful head piece attire traditionally worn by the pharaohs of the time. The most notable features of the Sphinx, such as the nose and beard, have not withstood well over time. The nose was shot off during target practice by Turkish soldiers and the Sphinx's beard has entirely been worn away by wind and sand erosion

Dimensions of the Sphinx

The Paws: 50 feet long (15m)
The Head: 30 feet long (10m) 14 feet wide (4m
The Entire Body: 150 feet (45m
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The Pyramids of Egypt




Ancient Egyptians believed that when the pharaoh died, he became Osiris, king of the dead. The new pharaoh became Horus, god of the heavens and protector of the sun god. This cycle was symbolized by the rising and setting of the sun.
Some part of a dead pharaoh's spirit, called his ka, was believed to remain with his body. And it was thought that if the corpse did not have proper care, the former pharaoh would not be able to carry out his new duties as king of the dead. If this happened, the cycle would be broken and disaster would befall Egypt.
To prevent such a catastrophe, each dead pharaoh was mummified, which preserved his body. Everything the king would need in his afterlife was provided in his grave—vessels made of clay, stone, and gold, furniture, food, even doll-like representations of servants, known as ushabti. His body would continue to receive food offerings long after his death


To shelter and safeguard the part of a pharaoh's soul that remained with his corpse, Egyptians built massive tombs—but not always pyramids.
Before the pyramids, tombs were carved into bedrock and topped by flat-roofed structures called mastabas. Mounds of dirt, in turn, sometimes topped the structures
The pyramid shape of later tombs could have come from these mounds. More likely, Egyptian pyramids were modeled on a sacred, pointed stone called the benben. The benben symbolized the rays of the sun; ancient texts claimed that pharaohs reached the heavens via sunbeams


Contrary to some popular depictions, the pyramid builders were not slaves or foreigners. Excavated skeletons show that they were Egyptians who lived in villages developed and overseen by the pharaoh's supervisors.
The builders' villages boasted bakers, butchers, brewers, granaries, houses, cemeteries, and probably even some sorts of health-care facilities—there is evidence of laborers surviving crushed or amputated limbs. Bakeries excavated near the Great Pyramids could have produced thousands of loaves of bread every week.
Some of the builders were permanent employees of the pharaoh. Others were conscripted for a limited time from local villages. Some may have been women: Although no depictions of women builders have been found, some female skeletons show wear that suggests they labored with heavy stone for long periods of time.
Graffiti indicates that at least some of these workers took pride in their work, calling their teams "Friends of Khufu," "Drunkards of Menkaure," and so on—names indicating allegiances to pharaohs.
An estimated 20,000 to 30,000 workers built the Pyramids at Giza over 80 years. Much of the work probably happened while the River Nile was flooded.
Huge limestone blocks could be floated from quarries right to the base of the Pyramids. The stones would likely then be polished by hand and pushed up ramps to their intended positions.
It took more than manual labor, though. Architects achieved an accurate pyramid shape by running ropes from the outer corners up to the planned summit, to make sure the stones were positioned correctly. And priests-astronomers helped choose the pyramids' sites and orientations, so that they would be on the appropriate axis in relation to sacred constellations.
From stone pusher to priest, every worker would likely have recognized his or her role in continuing the life-and-death cycle of the pharaohs, and thereby in perpetuating the glory of Egypt

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